The way that our teeth bite together is called the occlusion, and people who have crooked or crowded teeth have a malocclusion.
The branch of dentistry that specialises in aligning teeth is called orthodontics.
Orthodontic treatment usually involves wearing an appliance (brace).
This puts gentle pressure on specific teeth to move them into the right place.
At the initial appointment, your orthodontist will do a very detailed dental examination.
If you have any decayed teeth, these will need to be treated by your family dentist before orthodontic treatment starts.
Orthodontic treatment usually takes between six months and two years, depending on the severity of the problem.
There are different kinds of appliances. Some can be removed while others are fixed in place.
Removable braces are made of plastic and usually have wire clips and springs to move specific teeth.
In most cases, they are used to move upper teeth. A removable appliance must be taken out to be cleaned, but it should be worn at all other times, including mealtimes and at night.
Fixed braces (sometimes known as "train tracks") cannot be removed. They are made of small brackets that are glued to the teeth and joined together with a wire. Fixed braces can be used on upper and lower teeth. Once the treatment is finished, the brackets and glue are cleaned off the teeth.
A relatively new type of orthodontic treatment allows teeth to be straightened using removable, see-through, plastic aligners (Invisalign).
This treatment is only suitable for certain cases.
Orthodontics is that branch of dentistry concerned with prevention, interception and correction of malocclusion of teeth, and/or jaws, and other abnormalities of dentofacial region.
Why orthodontic treatment is necessary?
Improper bite can result in abnormal wear and tear of tooth surfaces, difficulty in chewing, and joint problems.
When to have first Orthodontic consultation?
Ideally first orthodontic consultation should be around 7-8 years of age.
How do I get stared with treatment?
After initial consultation, X-rays (OPG, Lateral cephalogram), and study models are prepared to study the case in detail .Doctor will then decide treatment plan. Treatment duration can range from 6 -24 months depending on severity of the problem.
What are retainers and why they are necessary?
Once teeth have been aligned or moved with the help of orthodontic treatment they need to stabilize in new position with the help of either removable of fixed retainers. Orthodontist will decide on the duration of retention protocol.
Do not eat hard, tacky, tough, and fibrous foodstuffs like, Chocolates, Candy, Chikki, and Corn(bh utta). Biting into fruits like apples, pear, guava is forbidden. Avoid biting
There may be temporary period of discomfort on placement of fixed orthodontic appliances. You can use relief wax on the surface of Braces.
1) It is essential to gargle with Fluoride mouthwash to keep your teeth caries free.
2) Any part of the appliance getting loose or damaged should be reported to the office immediately to avoid future complications.
3) Brushing your teeth twice a day is a must for the success of the treatment. Change toothbrush periodically to assure best results.
Types of Braces
Is it necessary to extract teeth to align them?
This will vary from case to case. Orthodontist will decide depending on the problem. Even if teeth are removed for the purpose of treatment the gaps are fully closed and there is no problem in future with chewing and patient can enjoy best of foods.
Damaging effect caused due to thumb sucking habbit.