This normally happens when there is an inflammation or infection of the supporting structures of the teeth, i.e. the surrounding gum tissue or supporting bone. It is caused by a sticky, colorless film that is constantly forming on your teeth known as Plaque.
If this film is not cleaned off the teeth with proper brushing and flossing the bacteria in the
plaque cause an inflammation of the gum tissue called gingivitis. The symptoms of gingivitis are red,
swollen, tender, or bleeding gums.
If you have any of these symptoms it would be wise to contact a dentist as soon
as possible. If left untreated it progresses to periodontitis as shown in Fig.1. Periodontitis occurs when the
plaque starts to calcify and become calculus or tartar. This then migrates under the gum tissue causing
pocketing(gaps between teeth and gums) around the teeth and starts to destroy the bone tissue.
If left long enough the entire supporting structure is destroyed and the tooth or teeth are lost.
“This entire phenomenon is painless , so normally we do not find the need to contact Dental Surgeon.
” Unfortunately, this disease is found in 3 out of 4 adults over 35. The symptoms of periodontitis are loose or shifting teeth,
Fig. 2,gum tissue separating from your teeth, longer appearing teeth, and/or pus or an unpleasant taste or odor coming from your mouth.
Children's Dentistry :
It is very important to save milk or child teeth. Milk teeth are supposed to preserve space for permanent teeth. Parents are confused between milk and permanent teeth, so a visit to Dental Surgeon will help in proper treatment planning.